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Unleashing Economic Growth: Egypt’s FDI Surge After Landmark Legal Reforms


In a bold move to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) and foster economic growth, Egypt passed a groundbreaking legislative amendment, Law No. 173 of 2023, on October 29th. This landmark legislation marks a paradigm shift in Egypt’s approach to foreign investment, allowing foreign investors to fully own companies registered in the importers’ registry for a decade, with the possibility of renewal. The amendment dismantles the previous requirement for Egyptian shareholders or partners to hold at least 51% of the capital in importation companies, opening the door to a wave of positive impacts on the country’s economic landscape.

1. Increased Foreign Investor Confidence

The foremost impact of Law No. 173 is the surge in foreign investor confidence. By allowing full ownership of companies by foreign entities, Egypt sends a powerful message that it is committed to creating a favorable and competitive business environment. This move eradicates the apprehensions that potential investors may have harbored in the past due to restrictive ownership conditions. The newfound trust in Egypt’s commitment to an open-market approach acts as a magnet for global investors seeking stable and lucrative opportunities.

2. Stimulating Economic Growth

The influx of FDI resulting from this legislative reform is a catalyst for economic growth. With foreign investors gaining the autonomy to fully own and control their enterprises, they are more likely to inject substantial capital into the Egyptian market. This, in turn, fosters job creation, infrastructure development, and the transfer of technology and know-how. As foreign-owned companies expand their operations, they contribute significantly to GDP growth and the overall development of the domestic economy.

3. Diversification of Industries

Law No. 173’s impact extends beyond mere capital injection. The elimination of the 51% ownership requirement allows for a more diverse array of industries to flourish in Egypt. Previously, sectors with lower capital requirements were more attractive to Egyptian investors, leading to a concentration of investments in specific areas. Now, with foreign investors having the freedom to fully own companies, capital can flow into a broader spectrum of industries, fostering a more balanced and resilient economy.

4. Enhanced Competitiveness

The legal amendment positions Egypt as a competitive player in the global market. By aligning its regulations with international standards, Egypt becomes an attractive destination for businesses seeking to establish a presence in the Middle East and North Africa region. This heightened competitiveness not only attracts new FDI but also encourages existing businesses to expand their operations within the country. As a result, Egypt can better position itself as a regional economic hub.

5. Long-term Sustainability

The provision allowing foreign-owned companies to be registered in the importers’ registry for ten years, with the option for renewal, provides a sense of stability and long-term commitment. This encourages foreign investors to view Egypt as a reliable and enduring partner for their business endeavors. The extended registration period not only streamlines bureaucratic processes but also ensures that investors can focus on strategic planning and sustainable business practices rather than navigating through frequent regulatory changes.


In conclusion, Egypt’s Law No. 173 of 2023 marks a pivotal moment in the country’s economic trajectory. The decision to allow foreign investors to fully own companies registered in the importers’ registry has unleashed a wave of positive impacts, ranging from increased investor confidence and economic growth to diversified industries and enhanced competitiveness. By embracing a more open-market approach, Egypt has positioned itself as an attractive destination for foreign capital, fostering a sustainable and prosperous future for the nation.



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